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A partner can be monitored electronically; harassed online through social media or via email or other means. North Carolina has additional remedies on the criminal law side for cyberstalking and revenge porn. Acts of non-physical abuse are just as dangerous and damaging as physical violence — sometimes even more so. We represent anyone who has been a victim of domestic violence physical and otherwise and needs help getting relief.

Introduction

Call us today for a consultation. Non-Physical Domestic Violence. Domestic Violence Protective Orders North Carolina law defines civil domestic violence as any instance where a person with whom you have had a personal relationship takes any of the below actions against you or a minor child: Causes or attempts to cause bodily injury, or Places you or your family members in fear of imminent serious bodily harm, or Continues to harass you to the point of substantial emotional distress, or Commits rape or sexual offenses.

Protecting Against All Violence Acts of non-physical abuse are just as dangerous and damaging as physical violence — sometimes even more so.


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Experiencing even one or two of these behaviors in a relationship is a red flag that abuse may be present. Remember, each type of abuse is serious, and no one deserves to experience abuse of any kind, for any reason. You may be experiencing physical abuse if your partner has done or repeatedly does any of the following tactics of abuse:. Sexually abusive methods of retaining power and control include an abusive partner:.

It can vary from being egged on and persuaded, to being forced to have contact. It can be verbal and emotional, in the form of statements that make you feel pressure, guilt, or shame. You can also be made to feel forced through more subtle actions. For example, an abusive partner:. Dating someone, being in a relationship, or being married never means that you owe your partner intimacy of any kind.

Reproductive coercion is a form of power and control where one partner strips the other of the ability to control their own reproductive system. It is sometimes difficult to identify this coercion because other forms of abuse are often occurring simultaneously. Reproductive coercion can also come in the form of pressure, guilt and shame from an abusive partner. Some examples are if your abusive partner is constantly talking about having children or making you feel guilty for not having or wanting children with them — especially if you already have kids with someone else.

Economic or financial abuse is when an abusive partner extends their power and control into the area of finances. This abuse can take different forms, including an abusive partner:. Digital abuse is the use of technologies such as texting and social networking to bully, harass, stalk or intimidate a partner. Often this behavior is a form of verbal or emotional abuse perpetrated online. You may be experiencing digital abuse if your partner:. Safety Alert: Computer use can be monitored and is impossible to completely clear.

What Is Domestic Violence? A survey carried out in the city of Sorocaba Southeastern Brazil between and showed that people in the sub-proletariat are at a greater risk of suffering physical violence than those who belong to the petit-bourgeoisie, non-typical proletariat, or typical proletariat. In its most severe form, violence can lead to death. In Brazil, the official data available suggest that this phenomenon has been growing, mainly in urban areas of large cities.

In the field of pubic health, it is known that violence has changed the mortality profile of the country in the s, where it went from the fourth to the second cause of death, preceded only by cardiovascular diseases. In addition, many other forms of violence are not even acknowledged by society and, consequently, are also not recognized by our institutions, such as violence against children, adolescents and women. Even what is reported has its setbacks, due to the poor filling in of forms where essential data for clarifying events are not informed.

From the scientific point of view, most national studies are carried out on specific groups such as women and healthcare service users. Therefore, the present study aimed at estimating the prevalence of physical violence and its association with sociodemographic aspects stressful events, and the use of healthcare services due to emotional problems. This is a cross-sectional population-based study part of a broader investigation aimed at studying several aspects related to the health of the population in the city of Canoas 6, a Southern Brazil.

According to the population census, the only data available at the time the research project was conceived; there was an average of 3.

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Therefore, to achieve the necessary sample size 3, subjects , 1, households needed to be visited. Thus, 40 out of the census sectors in the city were randomly drawn, and 26 households per sector were randomly visited according to a pre-established system between November and June During fieldwork, we surveyed less people than originally planned in the sample.

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There were, in average, 3. Out of the 1, households visited, 98 refused to participate: in 44 of them it was not even possible to determine the number of people living in the household, and in the remaining 54, the number of people varied from one to eight per household.

There were individuals who were not interviewed because refused to take part in the study In the end, 2, individuals belonging to all ages were surveyed corresponding to There was a greater loss among men in the age bracket. Individuals aged 14 and older were considered the target population totaling 1, people. This sample represents a loss of The dependent variable was the presence of physical violence during one's life. This variable was stratified by the age bracket in which the violent event took place: non-occurrence of physical violence reference category ; violence between zero and nine years of age;violence between ten and 19 years of age; violence from 20 years of age and above.

The independent variables were: sociodemographic characteristics gender, age, income, living with partner ; appointments due to emotional problems the term "nervous problems" was chosen to express this variable ; psychiatric hospitalization, and stressful events unemployment, separation and robbery. Data gathering was carried out by means of a numbered questionnaire applied by a speech therapist and a medical student, who received prior training. The section on violence was filled in by the subjects themselves, and placed by them in a sealed envelope, which was then placed in a sealed box, in order to avoid respondent being uncomfortable.

In this section, respondents answered whether they had experienced physical maltreatment and, if so, at what age. Next, the concordance index was calculated for some questions in the first and second interviews, obtaining kappa index of 0. The questionnaires were numbered by the interviewers and reviewed by the coordinator of the study. The data were entered by two research assistants in two separate files and were later compared.

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Domestic Violence

During data analysis, a descriptive analysis was carried out first to measure the frequency of the variables studied. By using the nominal variable physical violence categorized according to the age bracket during which the violence took place, a multinomial logistic regression was used with the help of Stata statistics program, version 8. Therefore, in the form of OR, the association between each independent variable and the occurrence of violence in the three age brackets was estimated, and the non-occurrence of maltreatment was used as the reference category. Thus, the violence ORs in each age bracket could be estimated at the same time, avoiding the use of multiple statistical tests, and rendering proportional estimates, which were directly comparable, and had a common reference category.

Women made up In regard to using healthcare services, respondents Physical violence prevalence was found to be 9. In the multinomial logistic regression Table 2 , the three age brackets in which the physical violence took place were compared to the non-occurrence of violence in life.

Therefore, it was verified that among the respondents belonging to the highest income group, the chance of their having experienced maltreatment during childhood zero to nine years of age was higher than when in the , and 20 and above age brackets. The women presented a significantly higher frequency In the bivariate analysis, it was found that boys aged 0 to 9 had chance two times higher for physical violence In the age bracket, the opposite was found: women had a higher prevalence In the multinomial regression Table 2 , among female respondents 20 years and older, the chance of suffering violence increased with age, their risk was 2.

Types of Violence and Abuse | Violence Prevention Initiative

Respondents 20 years or older who reported experiencing two or more stressful events presented 5. However, the two variables behave differently concerning the age of victimization. In the multivariate polytomous regression Table 3 , at the first level the variables income, schooling and gender were inserted.